Learning wine terminology


When learning about wine and enjoying wine, it can sometimes help to be familiar with the terminology that surrounds the beverage and its preparation. Wine terminology is a great thing to learn for many reasons, and it can really help you to get more acquainted with your favorite blends in a way that translates to better wine enjoyment! With our burning passion for great wine, we love getting others excited about their favorite vinos, so here are some terms that can help you to better love and understand your favorite wine:

Decanter – A decanter is a type of serving vessel that is often used for serving a great wine. The purpose of a decanter is to hold the decantation, or the sediment, that may be in the wine.

ABV – ABV stands for alcohol by volume, and this is normally placed right on the wine label. Wines with a higher ABV are typically stronger than those with a lower ABV in taste and in alcohol content.

Balthazar – A very large wine bottle which holds 12 litres of wine.

Capsule – The foil which covers the cork area of a wine bottle.

Flagon – A bottle which holds table wines.

Fruit wine – A wine made from a fruit other than a grape.

Horizontal wine tasting – Horizontal wine tasting refers to the wine tasting method of trying a variety of different wines which all have the same vintage or the same style. This type of tasting allows a person to appreciate the differences in different wineries and styles of making wine. For instance, tasting a group of pinot noirs or cabernets that were all bottled in 2004 would be considered horizontal tasting.

Vertical wine tasting – Vertical wine tasting is the opposite of horizontal wine tasting, and during a vertical wine tasting session a person would try different vintages of wines that all share the same type and winery. For example, tasting 5 pinot grigios of all different years but from the same winery would be considered vertical wine tasting.

Tasting flight – A tasting flight is the selection of wines to be tried during a wine tasting session.

Sparkling wine – A bubbly wine that contains carbon dioxide.

Punt – An indentation that is placed on the base of a bottle of wine. Often, higher quality wines will have a deeper punt than lower quality wines, but this is not exclusively the case.

Old world wine – Wines that come from the traditional wine making regions of Europe and North Africa using traditional wine making methods.

Nose – The aroma or scent of a wine.

Mead – Also sometimes referred to as “meade,” this is a wine made from honey and water rather than grapes or other fruit.

Lie – Also referred to as “lees,” the lie is the sediment and dead yeast sometimes found in wines.

Knowing these terms can make your next wine tasting experience even better than the last, as you’ll be able to better understand the wines you are tasting and just what makes them what they are! For your next tasting, spend it with some Antoine Moueix Saint Emilion Grand Cru or Ca’del Bosco Maurizio Zanella Sebino at Wine For Fun and test out your newfound knowledge!

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